Almost half of the countries in Eastern and Southern Africa region (ESAR) have been affected by cholera outbreaks since the beginning of 2019, a report of the United Nations Children’s Fund shows.
More than 9,494 cholera or Acute Water Diarrhoea (AWD) cases including 34 deaths have been reported in 10 countries in the region, with an average Case Fatality Rate of 0.4%, since the beginning of 2019.
These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Mozambique accounts for 67.2% (6,382) of the total case load reported this year, followed by Kenya at 18.3% (1,735).
Currently 4 out of the 10 countries with reported cholera / AWD outbreaks in ESAR since week 1 of 2019, have active transmission and they include; Mozambique, Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania. During the week under review, Mozambique reported the highest number of new cases (2,315 cases).
Of the countries with active transmission, Tanzania has recorded the highest Case Fatality Rates (CFR) in 2019 at 1.4%.
“Overall, more cholera cases emerge from urban areas (75.9%; 5,897) as compared to rural areas (24.1%; 1,873). This is according to an analysis of cholera cases reported since the beginning of 2019 from seven countries (Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe),” the report reads.